Wildlife

The Wildlife Studies and Tracking can be performed at the individual, population or community levels and can be carried out in land ecosystems as well as in aquatic (freshwater and marine) ecosystems. The main existing wildlife groups can be divided into vertebrates and invertebrates, although there are many other lesser known groups. The first group includes fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals and the second group includes arthropods, molluscs, worms, echinoderms, jellyfish and sponges.

Our services include the analysis of all types of Biodemographic Parameters of wildlife species, such as the population structure, age and gender distributions, the phenology and reproductive biology, the mortality and survival rates, etc. Specialised in the preparation of Population Viability Analysis (PVA) models and Species Distribution Models (SDM), in order to determine the sizes of the minimum viable population and the effective population, in the Genetic Characterization of the populations by means of molecular studies as well as in the preparation of Conservation Plans and Recovery Plans.

Distribution Atlas of Animal Species are prepared as well as thematic mapping of:

  • Reproduction Zones.
  • Feeding Zones.
  • Nesting Areas.
  • Dispersal Areas.
  • Bat (Chiroptera) Refuges.
  • Amphibian Reproduction Sites.
  • Icthyofauna Spawning Areas.
  • Bird Roost Sites.
  • Wildlife Corridors.
  • Migration Corridors.

Development of Handling, Transfer, Recovery, and Rehabilitation Protocols for Protected Wildlife and Hunting species. Design and execution of Reinforcement, Captive Breeding and Reintroduction Programmes of animal species, including the activity planning and selection of the favourable areas, the viability analysis, the sample taking, and health status or the measurement of pollutant levels in wild/domestic species.

Fauna/wildlife Inventories and Census by means of direct methods, those considered as the most traditional as well as by indirect methods, with higher acceptance at the present time due to their excellent results. Among the latter without a doubt, the most modern and powerful tool is the identification by means of molecular genetic techniques which permit studies at the individual level based on biological remains.

Examples of fauna census, both direct and indirect methods:

  • Transects for direct location.
  • Fixed observation points.
  • Waiting and listening stations.
  • Nocturnal spotlights.
  • Selective trapping.
  • Ultrasonic Bat (Chiroptera) Log.
  • Evidence transects (prints, excrement, etc.).
  • Fur traps.
  • Print traps.
  • Photography traps.

Design and execution of population management plans for invasive exotic animal species in the environment (zebra mussel, American crayfish, American mink, red-eared slider, etc.), as well as wildlife prevention and control programmes in urban zones, ports and airports. Specific eradication systems for surplus, irritating pests or harmful species and fauna exclusion systems. Specific fauna transfer actions by means of electric fishing, specific traps, remote anaesthesia, etc.